Trade Union in India is the primary instrument for promoting the union of trade union movement and championing the cause of working class in India. The Madras Labor Union was the first organized Trade Union in India followed by a large number of trade unions in the Indian industrial centers. The Indian government passed the Trade Unions Act in 1926, which legalized the registered Trade Union in India. The Act also gives protection to these trade unions against certain civil and criminal cases.
Significant Trade Union in India:
There are at present many Trade Union in India which regulates the aspirations of the working classes. The All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) is the oldest Trade Union in India and till 1945 it remained the central trade union organization in India.
Some others are like -
- All India Bank Officers Confederation- AIBOC is the premier organization of Bank Officers in India. This Trade Union in India stands apart from the others as it is organized purely on apolitical lines.
- All India State Government Employees Federation- AISGF is a trade union organization representing state employees and teachers of different states in India.
- Center of Indian Trade Unions -CITU is one of the major Trade Union in India, opposing imperialistic intentions and patronizing interest of the working classes.
- Hind Mazdoor Sabha - HMS is a progressive Trade Union in India that prefers to refrain from political control.
- National Confederation of Officer's Association -NCOA represents the managerial and supervisory staff of the Indian government owned public Enterprises.
- Trade Union International - TUI forms a part of the structure of World Federation of Trade Unions, representing the public employees, telecommunication employees, health services, financial sector employees & municipal employees of different countries of the world.
The Trade Union in India is engaged in protesting against the attacks on trade union right, right to strike, right to collective bargaining, reduction of social security, closure of industrial units and massive retrenchment of workers, and the endangering growth of unemployment.