Friday, August 21, 2009

Indian Polity - II

- Indian constitution establishes a parliamentary form of government of India
- The Indian constitution is structured on Government of India Act 1935
- The Fundamental rights embodied are based on Bill of Rights of the US constitution.
- The Directive Principles of State Policy in Part IV of the constitution are derived from the constitution of Ireland
- Parliamentary form of Government is modeled on the constitution of Great Britain.
- The Preamble is the preface to the constitution
- The preamble says “We the people of India, having decided to make this country as sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens: justice, social, economic and political. Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship, equality of status and opportunity: and to promote among them all; fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation. In our constitution assembly this twenty sixth day of November 1949, we do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.

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