Government of the Union (
Article (52-151) deals with: Executive, legislature, union judiciary and CAG.
The Union executive in India consists of President, the Vice-President, the council of ministers and the Attorney General of India.
Electroral Procedure: It consists of elected members of the two houses of Parliament and elected members of all the SLA.
Value of vote of an MLA= (Population of the state)/Elected members of SLA X 1000
Value of vote of an MP= No of votes assigned to all MLA/ Total no of elected MPs
Election of president should be done by a secret ballot and based on a system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote.
Art 56: President term is 5 years. His term may terminate either by
-Resignation in writing to VP of India
Qualification: -Citizen of India
- 35 years of age
- Be qualified for election as member of LS
- Must not hold any office of profit.
President should not be a member of either house of parliament or a house of any state legislature. Salary 50,000 per month. Pension 3 Lakh/year
- Either house may start the procedure.
- Can be brought not less than 2/3 of the total membership of the house.
- Also to be passed by at least 2/3 of the members.
Vacancy: - Due to some unnatural cause then
- Chief- Justice of India
- Senior- Most member of the SC.
The term ‘Executive Power’, actually refers to the power exercised by the council of Ministers in the name of the President.
The Vice President
- Vide Article 63
- Election: By an electoral collage of members of two houses of Parliament
- Qualification: Identical as of president of India except the candidate should be qualified to be a member of the Rajya Sabha.
- Term , Emoluments: 5 years. May terminate by resignation or by removal.
- Gets a salary of 40,000 Rs. Per month
- Functions as Ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha ( Article 64)